The India-China dispute, explained.
In the 1960s, the Kashmir region was divided amongst three countries in a territorial dispute: China, India, and Pakistan. Also, India and China have been arguing for decades over the territory of Aksai Chin (currently Chinese-administered). Both sides see the area as strategically important, economically and militarily. If neither gives way, the stand-off could have destabilising consequences for the region.
On June 15th, around 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a “violent face-off” with Chinese forces. The confrontation happened in Galwan Valley in Ladakh, a disputed area in the Kashmir region. China accused Indian troops of crossing the border twice, “provoking and attacking Chinese personnel”.
HOW DID THIS HAPPEN?
The confrontation came after tensions bubbled up in recent months over a new road India built in Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control which divides the sides. That angered China, which deployed troops and built infrastructure of its own in disputed territory, bringing the two sides’ forces in closer proximity and heightening the risk of clashes.
INDIA IS LIKE…
“This is extremely, extremely serious, this is going to vitiate whatever dialogue was going on,” former Indian army commander DS Hooda said.