WHY THE US AND IRAN HATE EACH OTHER? Tensions between Iran and the US have increased lately. But to understand the current US-Iran conflict we have to go back to the 1950’s. explained
In Iran, in 1951, a left-wing nationalist named Mohammad Mossadegh became prime minister of Iran through a democratic election. Mossadegh strongly opposed foreign involvement in Iran, particularly in its oil industry (which had been built in significant part by British interests). Just days after Mossadegh became prime minister, Iran’s parliament approved a bill he’d championed nationalizing the massive British-owned oil company in Iran. This means, the company would be now owned by the Iranian state.
AMERICAN, WE NEED HELP.
The British asked the Americans to help them overthrow Mossadegh. They agreed, and the two Western nations backed a coup that would topple Mossadegh in 1953, replacing his government with an absolute monarchy ruled by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. For the next 26 years, the US supported and armed this regime — a brutal dictatorship that tortured dissenters.
THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION.
In 1979, Iranians rose up against Reza Pahlavi, who had no choice but to leave the country.
THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC.
Religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini declared Iran an Islamic Republic and made anti-Americanism a central part of its ideology. Btw, an Islamic republic is a state that is officially ruled by Islamic laws (i.e. the Quran).
The new gov in Iran wanted to export its revolution and gave people in other countries in the Middle East weapons and money to overthrow their gov and establish Islamic Republics there. This led to the formation of some terrorists groups like Hezbollah in Lebanon.
Reminder. Most of the countries in the Middle East, like Saudi Arabia, have authoritarian monarchies and they were afraid that their population would rise up against them. As these authoritarian states were some of America’s allies (one of the reasons is that America and these states, both look for stability in the Middle East), Iran’s attempt to challenge them brought it into direct conflict with the US.
Since then, the US and Iran have been locked in a deadly strategic competition in the region. For instance, the US supported Iraq in its war with Iran, Iran carried out an extended campaign of terrorist bombings of Western embassies…
NUCLEAR WEAPONS. summary
The US thinks Iran is building nuclear weapons, so Trump imposed economic sanctions on Iran (i.e. banned trade relations), making Iran’s economy to collapse. As America’s goal is to isolate Iran, it doesn’t seem that they will be friends anytime soon…an for dummies. why US hate Iran summary
The wars in the Middle East, explained. US Iran conflict explained for dummies.
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