Give me some context…In 2013, Hugo Chávez died and his VP Nicolás Maduro replaced him. In 5 years, Maduro’s dictatorship has led Venezuela into the worst economic crisis. Now, a dude called Juan Guaidó says “bye bye Maduro, I am the new country’s president”.
In 2018, Maduro was reelected. However, the U.S, Europe, Japan, Australia and others refused to accept it. They believe Maduro rigged the result of the elections.
On 23 January 2019, Juan Guaidó declared himself acting president contesting the leadership of Maduro.
Who is this guy?
Juan is the head of the National Assembly (aka Parliament) and the founder of the centrist party (aka Maduro’s opposition).
But how did he become president?
The Venezuelan Constitution says that when the presidency is vacant, the head of the National Assembly takes over. Since the Assembly doesn’t consider Maduro’s presidency legit, and therefore vacant (remember he rigged the 2018 elections), Guaidó said he had the right to take power.
What do the other countries say?
The U.S, Europe, Australia, Canada and most of Latin America recognize Juan as president.
Russia, China, Cuba, Iran and Turkey support Maduro. They don’t like the U.S and see Guaidó as its puppet.
Although there are lots of demonstrations against Maduro, the military is on Maduro’s side. This makes it difficult for Juan to overthrow Maduro. Also, an international intervention seems unlikely at this point.
However, Leopoldo Lopez, Guaido’s political mentor and the nation’s most-prominent opposition activist, was released by some military personnel (military “traitors”, according to Maduro).
Remember? Leopoldo was detained in 2014 for leading a previous round of anti-government unrest. Today, Lopez has taken refuge in the Spanish embassy in Caracas.
Representatives of Maduro’s government and the Venezuelan opposition hold talks in Oslo, with Norway as mediator to solve this crisis.
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