The U.S Constitution provides separation of powers:
- Legislative: this is the Congress. It make laws, declare war, raise and provide public money and oversee its proper expenditure, impeach and try federal officers, and approve treaties negotiated by the executive branch. Its members are the only ones elected directly by the people. Congress is formed by:
- The Senate is about representing the 50 states. There are 100 members/senators (2 of each state) and every 2 years, 1/3 of senators are considered for reelection.
- The House of Representatives is about representing the people directly. There are 435 members (based on the state’s population). For instance, Alaska has 1 member & California, 53. Every 2 years, the 435 members are considered for reelection.
- Executive: this is the president (elected every 4 years). He can reject a proposal for a law, appoint members of government agencies and negotiate treaties with other countries. The 2 main political parties in the U.S are the democratic party and the republican party.
- Judicial: its highest body is the Supreme Court. It decides whether a law has been broken. Its judges (9 in total) are nominated by the President and Senate has to consent.