Give me some context… In 1917, Britain said it wanted to establish “a national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine (The Balfour Declaration). The British thus hoped to have Jewish support in World War I. The Allies (France, Russia and England) won the war and the Ottoman Empire (now the Middle East) collapsed. The League of Nations (today the UN) assigned the Mandate for Palestine to Britain “until Palestine is able to stand alone”. Henceforth, the British allowed the immigration of Jews there.
Why in Palestine?
In the 1900s most Jews in Europe joined a movement called Zionism (Zionists believe Judaism isn’t just a religion & that deserves a nation of its own.
During WWII (this is when Hitler was in power) a lot of Jews had to flee Europe for British Palestine, leading to tensions between Arabs & Jews there & when violence between Jews & Arabs grew (Arabs see it as an invasion of their territory), the United Nations divided British Palestine into 2 separate states (1947).
- The Jewish State: ISRAEL
- The Arab State: PALESTINE
BUT Arabs didn’t like this & led to the 1st war between jews & arabs (btw, the British didn’t want to have a conflict here and decided to leave).
Who won the war?
Israel won. Henceforth, jews started moving in the Palestinians territories (the West Bank & Gaza) despite the international community considers this illegal.
Although there have been some attempts to achieve peace, extremists groups on both sides are in permanent conflict…
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