Give me context on Brexit…In 2016, the UK held a referendum on whether the UK should leave or remain in the European Union (EU). 52% of the British voted to leave the EU and the conservative Theresa May was elected Prime Minister following Cameron’s resignation.
After 2 years of negotiation, Theresa May and Europe reached a deal for Brexit. It establishes the conditions under which the UK will leave the EU. Explain me this deal.
But wait…in January 2019, the UK Parliament had to vote in order to pass (or not) the deal. The deal didn’t pass: 432 vs 202 votes, so they voted a second time: 391 vs 242 votes. Still, the deal didn’t pass. Theresa warned MPs that leaving the EU without a deal could be a chaos and begged them to say yes to the deal. For the third time, it didn’t work: 344 vs 286 votes.
Why Parliament doesn’t accept the deal?
The deal is a half Brexit. It doesn’t impose (at least for now) a customs border between Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK and therefore, also has to leave the EU) and Ireland (part of the EU). This way, goods and people can pass freely.
Eurosceptics believe this could hold back the UK from freeing itself completely from Europe.
A border between Northern Ireland and Ireland would be very controversial because of the country’s violent history. There hasn’t been a border there since 1998 (after a 30-year war). Explain me this conflict.
Theresa May has resigned and conservative Boris Johson is the new PM. Europe has given the UK until October to fix their internal problems and reach a deal.
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