Theresa May’s Brexit Deal covers 3 things.
1.Financial settlement. The UK has to pay Europe $39 billion for leaving.
2.Border between Northern Ireland & Ireland.
Give me context…
Ireland gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1922, but the north of Ireland wanted to remain part of the UK. This led to a 30-year war between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The war ended with the 1998 Agreement in which:
- Northern Ireland would remain part of the UK.
- It established an open border between Northern Ireland and Ireland – goods and people can move freely.
The problem. With Brexit, Northern Ireland will also leave Europe and the border between Northern Ireland and Ireland could be imposed again.
So? A lot of people don’t like that. This is because many cross the border every day for work and it would break the 1998 agreement.
May’s deal says. For now, the UK and Northern Ireland stay in the EU customs union (open border). This means that nothing changes until at least 2020 when trade relations will be discussed.
3.What will happen to EU citizens in the UK, & viceversa.
- As from 2020, UK citizens will need a visa in order to work or move to EU countries, and vice versa.
- The deal doesn’t mention what will happen with EU students at UK universities (or EU funding to UK universities).
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